Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
Hazardous wastes are harmful to both people and the environment. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
obliges Parties to ensure that such wastes are safely managed and disposed of in an environmentally sound manner.
Singapore has acceded to the Basel Convention
on 2 January 1996. The Hazardous Waste (Control of Export, Import and Transit) Bill
was subsequently passed in November 1997 to ensure the sound management, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes in Singapore.
Today, all our hazardous wastes are treated and disposed of locally, with the exception of certain special wastes for which Singapore lacks treatment or recovery facilities. These include substances such as polychlorinated biphenyls and the lead in lead acid batteries. The amount of such wastes is small, and they are exported to the UK, France, Japan and the Philippines for treatment and recovery in full compliance with the Basel Convention.
The main principles of the Basel Convention are:
- Transboundary movements of hazardous wastes should be reduced to a minimum, consistent with their environmentally sound management.
- Hazardous wastes should be treated and disposed of as close as possible to the source of generation.
- Hazardous waste generation should be reduced and minimized at source.
These aims are achieved by:
- Minimizing the production of hazardous wastes
- Compliance and enforcement initiatives
- A control system of Prior Informed Consent (PIC)
- National reporting
- Technical assistance and training.