Carbon emissions make up 97% of our total greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions cause more heat to be trapped into the atmosphere, leading to climate change.
Singapore experiences the effects of climate change along with the rest of the world. The build-up of carbon dioxide, among other greenhouse gases, in the atmosphere makes our weather hotter and raises the sea level around us.
Reducing our carbon emissions is one important way we can limit the effects of climate change in the coming decades.
Energy consumption is one of the main sources of carbon in Singapore. Our household appliances, transport systems, industrial and commercial activities all run on electricity and fuel. A vibrant Singapore relies on consuming electricity.
However, as carbon dioxide is invisible and the negative effects of climate change take a long time to show, it is easy for people to consume electricity without realising the consequences.
Singapore accounts for less than 0.2% of global emissions.
To achieve a significant cut in global carbon emissions, concerted international effort is required. But this does not mean there is nothing we can do to help.
As a responsible member of the global community, Singapore has pledged to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions by 16% below Business-as-Usual levels in 2020. The pledge, announced in 2010 ahead of the UNFCCC Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, was conditional on a legally binding global agreement.
We also ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1997 and acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2006.
Out of the many types of fossil fuels, natural gas emits 40% less carbon dioxide than fuel oil for every unit of electricity generated.
Over the years Singapore has switched from fuel oil to using more natural gas. This means we can continue to power Singapore while emitting less carbon than we would have, using fuel oil.
Aside from power generation, we are also working to become "energy efficient". Energy efficiency means achieving more while consuming less.
The Efficiency Programme Office (E2PO) drives energy efficiency across many different types of activities. For example, the use of public transport is encouraged, allowing Singaporeans to get from place to place while using relatively less energy
Conserving and using energy efficiently and reducing carbon emissions to address challenges and climate change.